Management of Allergy
The first and most important step in controlling allergies is allergen avoidance. Preventing exposure to allergens is the key to managing allergies. A health professional can advise on avoiding allergens specific to your situation.
Drugs are effective in the control and treatment of allergic diseases but do not cure the underlying allergy. Mostly a combination of two approaches will result in significant improvement in allergic symptoms.
- Reducing the risk of an allergic reaction by avoiding the allergen, wherever possible.
- Medical treatments to reduce symptoms including medications and immunotherapy.
Most allergic reactions are mild and do not cause life-threatening reactions, although they can be very troublesome for the patient. A small number of people may experience a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.
When you cannot avoid allergens, there are many medicines that can help control allergy symptoms. Decongestants and antihistamines are the most common allergy medications. They help to reduce a stuffy nose, runny nose, sneezing and itching. Other medications work by preventing the release of the chemicals that cause allergic reactions. Corticosteroids are effective in treating inflammation in your nose. These treatments control the symptoms and reactions; they do not cure the condition.